What Are The Key Components Of 360 Assessment?

Key Components of 360 Assessment

Brief Overview:

A 360 assessment is a multi-rater feedback process that provides individuals with feedback from multiple perspectives, including supervisors, peers, subordinates, and sometimes even customers. The key components of a 360 assessment include:

  1. Selection of raters
  2. Development of survey questions
  3. Confidentiality and anonymity
  4. Feedback report generation
  5. Action planning and follow-up

Frequently Asked Questions:

1. How are raters selected for a 360 assessment?

Raters are typically selected by the individual being assessed, with input from their supervisor. It is important to choose raters who have regular interactions with the individual and can provide valuable feedback.

2. What is the importance of developing survey questions for a 360 assessment?

Survey questions should be carefully crafted to gather specific feedback on the individual’s performance, behaviors, and competencies. Clear and relevant questions will ensure meaningful feedback.

3. How is confidentiality and anonymity maintained in a 360 assessment?

Confidentiality is crucial in a 360 assessment to encourage honest and open feedback. Anonymity is often achieved by using a third-party survey platform that does not reveal individual responses.

4. How are feedback reports generated in a 360 assessment?

Feedback reports are typically generated automatically by the survey platform, compiling responses from all raters into a comprehensive report. These reports highlight strengths, areas for improvement, and trends in feedback.

5. What is the role of action planning and follow-up in a 360 assessment?

After receiving feedback, individuals should create an action plan to address areas for improvement and build on strengths. Follow-up sessions with a coach or mentor can help track progress and provide support.


The key components of a 360 assessment include selecting raters, developing survey questions, maintaining confidentiality, generating feedback reports, and implementing action plans for improvement. By following these components, organizations can gather valuable feedback and support individual development.

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